Open-Source Psychometrics Project
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Billy Costigan Personality Statistics

Billy Costigan is a character from The Departed. This page summarizes crowd sourced ratings of their personality collected from users of the Statistical "Which Character" Personality Quiz. People who take the quiz are asked if they would also be willing to volunteer to rate characters that they know. The ratings are made on a 100 point scale between two adjectives and then all averaged together into a composite. Because of the "law of large numbers" (a.k.a. wisdom of the crowds) this profile is very reliable. If you take one persons opinion of what a character is like and compare it to the opinion of another person about what that character is like, they could be very different. But if you compare the opinions of two groups, the difference gets smaller and smaller the larger the groups.

The table shows the average rating the character received for each trait in the survey. Because the questions are bipolar adjective pairs, they are reversible (i.e. a score of 25 on short<--->tall is the same as a score of 75 on tall<--->short). On this page, traits that had an average score below the midpoint have been reversed so they can be listed in order of most to least extreme for that character. The table also shows this character's relative rank on that trait compared to all other characters in the database. The standard deviation of ratings is shown, the basic idea here is that if the standard deviation is higher then that means there is less agreement between raters on that trait (the less agreement, the larger the sample size needed to get a reliable estimate). The number of raters is how many different individuals submitted a rating for that trait with this character; each rater rated only a random subset of traits for each character when they were surveyed.

TraitAverage ratingRankRating standard deviationNumber of raters
tense (not relaxed)92.2288.631
persistent (not quitter)91.417213.036
complicated (not simple)88.74013.526
perceptive (not unobservant)88.316712.023
street-smart (not sheltered)88.29612.527
secretive (not open-book)87.99117.235
intense (not lighthearted)87.811614.128
guarded (not open)87.510618.723
confidential (not gossiping)87.29916.336
gendered (not androgynous)87.015218.420
🧢 (not 🎩)85.95117.721
sorrowful (not cheery)85.73810.326
beautiful (not ugly)85.629212.628
diligent (not lazy)85.441315.235
serious (not playful)84.914418.122
miserable (not joyful)84.96410.622
active (not slothful)84.425018.516
mad (not glad)84.47511.318
gloomy (not sunny)84.37410.823
masculine (not feminine)84.023616.430
hurried (not leisurely)84.02215.024
straight (not queer)84.022623.926
believable (not poorly-written)84.010417.229
high IQ (not low IQ)83.735712.031
fast (not slow)83.511518.420
punk rock (not preppy)83.311018.220
reserved (not chatty)83.09015.626
sad (not happy)82.86012.431
frugal (not lavish)82.63917.933
city-slicker (not country-bumpkin)82.521117.831
triggered (not trolling)82.51820.727
works hard (not plays hard)82.419627.225
private (not gregarious)82.39918.027
spicy (not mild)82.218712.523
competent (not incompetent)82.136122.827
frenzied (not sleepy)81.814116.538
workaholic (not slacker)81.142719.935
🤐 (not 😜)81.16522.832
proletariat (not bourgeoisie)81.05320.623
😭 (not 😀)81.02420.434
outsider (not insider)80.94826.121
utilitarian (not decorative)80.88219.919
important (not irrelevant)80.441220.328
resourceful (not helpless)80.244422.345
traumatized (not flourishing)80.213416.328
tight (not loose)79.918619.227
young (not old)79.926911.428
blue-collar (not ivory-tower)79.713024.531
conspiracist (not sheeple)79.414516.221
reclusive (not social)79.49214.116
unlucky (not fortunate)79.47316.530
alert (not oblivious)79.226121.020
macho (not metrosexual)79.27216.530
introspective (not not introspective)78.911017.432
deep (not shallow)78.814718.228
feisty (not gracious)78.429020.430
studious (not goof-off)78.239220.837
soulful (not soulless)77.641921.935
heroic (not villainous)77.544122.324
driven (not unambitious)77.567222.728
🤺 (not 🏌)77.431823.037
attractive (not repulsive)77.045025.239
moody (not stable)76.929119.428
scruffy (not manicured)76.817524.024
hard (not soft)76.425220.725
assertive (not passive)76.344922.528
hunter (not gatherer)76.326625.222
egalitarian (not racist)75.962623.927
loyal (not traitorous)75.962223.622
👨‍🔧 (not 👨‍⚕️)75.621019.728
modern (not historical)75.418618.633
mysterious (not unambiguous)75.016225.131
go-getter (not slugabed)75.053418.331
👽 (not 🤡)75.010613.222
offended (not chill)75.025321.028
charismatic (not uninspiring)74.946419.420
angry (not good-humored)74.813920.719
vengeful (not forgiving)74.828021.629
deviant (not average)74.731118.432
adventurous (not stick-in-the-mud)74.631922.231
crafty (not scholarly)74.429119.033
🧗 (not 🛌)74.333525.733
bold (not shy)74.272426.121
masochistic (not pain-avoidant)74.210127.026
brave (not careful)74.131521.429
anxious (not calm)74.125623.826
tactful (not indiscreet)74.023523.422
urban (not rural)73.836925.433
mighty (not puny)73.744319.626
interesting (not tiresome)73.638218.118
patriotic (not unpatriotic)73.531622.830
skeptical (not spiritual)73.442822.237
modest (not flamboyant)73.426429.536
enslaved (not emancipated)73.44326.527
🌟 (not 💩)73.351629.024
blacksmith (not tailor)73.216122.027
Italian (not Swedish)73.119524.123
extraordinary (not mundane)73.042023.730
romantic (not dispassionate)73.040919.917
reliable (not experimental)73.025525.629
efficient (not overprepared)72.923621.927
depressed (not bright)72.712222.527
night owl (not morning lark)72.334522.724
inspiring (not cringeworthy)72.228314.626
legit (not scrub)72.251926.725
English (not German)72.151824.629
genius (not dunce)72.041419.023
obsessed (not aloof)71.930224.028
minimalist (not pack rat)71.915023.020
freelance (not corporate)71.737426.329
sturdy (not flimsy)71.646123.327
instinctual (not reasoned)71.631622.629
open to new experinces (not uncreative)71.548822.929
oppressed (not privileged)71.513223.929
lost (not enlightened)71.321920.226
backdoor (not official)71.226830.723
cool (not dorky)71.232332.118
penny-pincher (not overspender)71.220415.324
self-disciplined (not disorganized)70.962028.628
chaotic (not orderly)70.830721.228
ferocious (not pacifist)70.646122.425
rugged (not refined)70.627623.838
quarrelsome (not warm)70.238428.527
monastic (not hedonist)69.96923.524
🐐 (not 🦒)69.820028.421
down2earth (not head@clouds)69.631320.933
edgy (not politically correct)69.338624.422
genuine (not sarcastic)69.331925.137
chortling (not giggling)69.335719.424
🐴 (not 🦄)69.229331.331
kind (not cruel)69.062820.525
🥴 (not 🥳)69.024319.933
unorthodox (not traditional)68.938128.124
equitable (not hypocritical)68.430422.429
coordinated (not clumsy)68.358928.427
rough (not smooth)68.326724.423
hard (not soft)68.241426.530
varied (not repetitive)68.27724.537
stoic (not expressive)68.122726.929
human (not animalistic)68.161626.435
individualist (not communal)68.138631.629
extreme (not moderate)68.153320.624
real (not philosophical)68.140129.738
transient (not permanent)67.811827.217
pro (not noob)67.866531.017
unassuming (not pretentious)67.815728.031
🤠 (not 🤑)67.839927.027
altruistic (not selfish)67.741225.628
wild (not tame)67.550324.942
unpolished (not eloquent)67.326026.624
poor (not rich)67.225625.821
👨‍🚀 (not 🧙)66.921631.715
introvert (not extrovert)66.821128.633
child free (not pronatalist)66.745931.027
knowledgeable (not ignorant)66.664226.834
treasure (not trash)66.678426.523
whippersnapper (not sage)66.525224.819
democratic (not authoritarian)66.336027.430
🐒 (not 🐩)66.228120.820
🐮 (not 🐷)65.920533.018
arcane (not mainstream)65.537630.532
alpha (not beta)65.560428.325
spelunker (not claustrophobic)65.440129.327
deliberate (not spontaneous)65.359429.329
rational (not whimsical)65.150028.842
resolute (not wavering)65.059628.127
self-destructive (not self-improving)65.039829.437
charming (not awkward)64.855124.335
work-first (not family-first)64.845034.122
humorless (not funny)64.424222.437
realist (not idealist)64.434926.731
suspicious (not trusting)64.349832.330
involved (not remote)64.366932.523
atheist (not theist)64.245328.324
industrial (not domestic)63.934529.329
🦇 (not 🐿)63.932432.327
neurotypical (not autistic)63.678326.822
independent (not codependent)63.658231.525
resistant (not resigned)63.571725.924
avant-garde (not classical)63.127929.027
creative (not conventional)63.046026.827
sporty (not bookish)63.033729.529
literal (not metaphorical)62.949527.931
😊 (not 🤣)62.952823.834
folksy (not presidential)62.835822.228
competitive (not cooperative)62.762628.426
disarming (not creepy)62.771724.827
🧕 (not 💃)62.719227.233
empirical (not theoretical)62.434925.628
fast-talking (not slow-talking)62.058328.727
quiet (not loud)61.938632.330
humble (not arrogant)61.736422.627
pessimistic (not optimistic)61.742128.427
mature (not juvenile)61.654627.032
🧠 (not 💪)61.671628.234
mischievous (not well behaved)61.460529.223
vibrant (not geriatric)61.470324.721
suspicious (not awkward)61.067626.824
biased (not impartial)61.073327.224
multicolored (not monochrome)61.038529.727
low-tech (not high-tech)60.946220.831
scandalous (not proper)60.748129.934
practical (not imaginative)60.364531.131
thick-skinned (not sensitive)60.251232.526
nihilist (not existentialist)60.220624.316
insecure (not confident)60.122923.222
sane (not crazy)60.042723.617
first-mate (not captain)59.851731.229
😎 (not 🧐)59.852028.338
demure (not vain)59.742624.231
open-minded (not close-minded)59.760626.535
off-key (not musical)59.547523.828
jock (not nerd)59.441724.729
cautious (not impulsive)59.349727.823
slovenly (not stylish)59.229722.128
curious (not apathetic)59.178828.123
direct (not roundabout)59.177333.424
lowbrow (not highbrow)59.026829.828
🤫 (not 🤔)59.021434.027
rebellious (not obedient)58.966128.431
Russian (not French)58.928426.120
judgemental (not accepting)58.854030.920
thin (not thick)58.761023.225
👩‍🎤 (not 👩‍🔬)58.751528.921
fresh (not stinky)58.577323.322
bossy (not meek)58.481522.529
no-nonsense (not dramatic)58.344931.735
armoured (not vulnerable)58.168932.622
decisive (not hesitant)57.982432.030
bitter (not sweet)57.953529.437
messy (not neat)57.938424.235
luddite (not technophile)57.648619.814
debased (not pure)57.349527.323
apprentice (not master)57.333630.939
😬 (not 😏)57.238635.324
fixable (not unfixable)56.965928.231
emotional (not logical)56.860828.921
provincial (not cosmopolitan)56.843327.929
liberal (not conservative)56.869221.021
😇 (not 😈)56.857229.520
shy (not playful)56.723028.836
drop out (not valedictorian)56.735928.625
loveable (not punchable)56.671028.928
tattle-tale (not f***-the-police)56.638228.226
political (not nonpolitical)56.561230.529
🙃 (not 🥰)56.550131.520
circular (not linear)56.545131.925
honorable (not cunning)56.464331.627
western (not eastern)56.477333.218
subdued (not exuberant)56.437926.730
impatient (not patient)56.372125.616
kinky (not vanilla)56.055929.428
devout (not heathen)56.060425.221
basic (not hipster)56.071624.621
melee (not ranged)55.935228.622
'right-brained' (not 'left-brained')55.820627.123
cannibal (not vegan)55.852229.023
angelic (not demonic)55.766320.532
rigid (not flexible)55.763930.823
low self esteem (not narcissistic)55.737126.433
wise (not foolish)55.565825.028
🙋‍♂️ (not 🙅‍♂️)55.565936.326
spontaneous (not scheduled)55.447535.020
explorer (not builder)55.455929.034
subjective (not objective)55.451026.923
dry (not moist)55.452928.533
serious (not bold)55.347033.329
hoarder (not unprepared)55.171826.025
libertarian (not socialist)55.064430.024
sensible (not ludicrous)54.867926.332
anarchist (not statist)54.851629.926
wholesome (not salacious)54.666925.121
📈 (not 📉)54.683630.914
civilized (not barbaric)54.584430.825
precise (not vague)54.582329.933
charming (not trusting)54.464533.319
worldly (not innocent)54.386830.334
methodical (not astonishing)54.274031.534
specialist (not generalist)54.275830.323
reasonable (not deranged)54.069025.429
insulting (not complimentary)53.954525.634
strict (not lenient)53.868723.923
🏋️‍♂️ (not 🚴)53.633030.321
focused on the future (not focused on the present)53.450029.030
scientific (not artistic)53.363628.029
purple (not orange)53.359026.416
feminist (not sexist)53.284122.518
nurturing (not poisonous)53.175526.223
regular (not zany)53.146826.224
disreputable (not prestigious)53.041633.125
tasteful (not lewd)52.982529.246
self-conscious (not self-assured)52.931129.635
cold (not warm)52.855828.724
abstract (not concrete)52.848929.428
straightforward (not cryptic)52.694031.334
👻 (not 🤖)52.364531.333
tall (not short)52.272922.824
Greek (not Roman)52.254929.421
sober (not indulgent)52.156431.838
outlaw (not sheriff)52.163930.433
compersive (not jealous)52.160126.526
intimate (not formal)52.061532.820
🐀 (not 🐘)52.058735.530
factual (not poetic)52.074627.224
literary (not mathematical)51.978129.420
lustful (not chaste)51.772927.716
consistent (not variable)51.580533.034
physical (not intellectual)51.245924.926
weird (not normal)51.279421.925
💔 (not 💝)51.160036.727
submissive (not dominant)51.041829.425
respectful (not rude)51.077126.723
rhythmic (not stuttering)51.096923.421
👟 (not 🥾)50.466835.224
healthy (not sickly)50.5100031.138

Similar characters

The similarity between two characters can be calculated by taking the correlation between the lists of their traits. This produces a value from +1 to -1. With +1 implying that every trait one character is high on the other one is high on too, to an equal degree. And, -1 implying that if a character is high on specific trait, the other one is low on it. The 10 most and least similar characters to Billy Costigan based on their crowd-sourced profiles are listed below with the correlation in parenthesis.

Most similar Least similar
  1. Jason Bourne (0.791)
  2. Katniss Everdeen (0.787)
  3. Michael Lee (0.787)
  4. Sharon 'Boomer' Valerii (0.781)
  5. Zuko (0.762)
  1. Karen Smith (-0.42)
  2. Nelson Bighetti (-0.375)
  3. Midge Pinciotti (-0.342)
  4. June George (-0.34)
  5. Kevin Malone (-0.338)

Personality types

Personality types according to various systems can be derived from the character's traits. Profiles for a personality type were computed by averaging together all responses from people who took the test and reported a given personality type and then this composite was matched to each of those profiles as if it was its own character (as was done above). Listed closest to worst match.

  1. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INFJ (r = 0.53)
  2. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISFJ (r = 0.51)
  3. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISTJ (r = 0.44)
  4. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INTJ (r = 0.43)
  5. Enneagram: Type 1 (r = 0.43)
  6. Enneagram: Type 5 (r = 0.4)
  7. Enneagram: Type 9 (r = 0.4)
  8. Enneagram: Type 6 (r = 0.39)
  9. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESFJ (r = 0.38)
  10. Enneagram: Type 2 (r = 0.36)
  11. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENFJ (r = 0.35)
  12. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESTJ (r = 0.34)
  13. Enneagram: Type 3 (r = 0.33)
  14. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISFP (r = 0.32)
  15. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENTJ (r = 0.3)
  16. Enneagram: Type 4 (r = 0.29)
  17. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INFP (r = 0.28)
  18. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISTP (r = 0.26)
  19. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INTP (r = 0.22)
  20. Enneagram: Type 8 (r = 0.22)
  21. Enneagram: Type 7 (r = 0.2)
  22. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESFP (r = 0.13)
  23. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENFP (r = 0.13)
  24. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESTP (r = 0.1)
  25. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENTP (r = 0.06)


  Updated: 20 September 2020
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