Open-Source Psychometrics Project
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Josh Lyman Personality Statistics

Josh Lyman is a character from The West Wing. This page summarizes crowd sourced ratings of their personality collected from users of the Statistical "Which Character" Personality Quiz. People who take the quiz are asked if they would also be willing to volunteer to rate characters that they know. The ratings are made on a 100 point scale between two adjectives and then all averaged together into a composite. Because of the "law of large numbers" (a.k.a. wisdom of the crowds) this profile is very reliable. If you take one persons opinion of what a character is like and compare it to the opinion of another person about what that character is like, they could be very different. But if you compare the opinions of two groups, the difference gets smaller and smaller the larger the groups.

The table shows the average rating the character received for each trait in the survey. Because the questions are bipolar adjective pairs, they are reversible (i.e. a score of 25 on short<--->tall is the same as a score of 75 on tall<--->short). On this page, traits that had an average score below the midpoint have been reversed so they can be listed in order of most to least extreme for that character. The table also shows this character's relative rank on that trait compared to all other characters in the database. The standard deviation of ratings is shown, the basic idea here is that if the standard deviation is higher then that means there is less agreement between raters on that trait (the less agreement, the larger the sample size needed to get a reliable estimate). The number of raters is how many different individuals submitted a rating for that trait with this character; each rater rated only a random subset of traits for each character when they were surveyed.

TraitAverage ratingRankRating standard deviationNumber of raters
political (not nonpolitical)96.1310.3294
driven (not unambitious)92.3729.4250
persistent (not quitter)92.11048.622
work-first (not family-first)90.63213.3221
high IQ (not low IQ)90.311912.9264
important (not irrelevant)90.2738.922
urban (not rural)90.0119.424
workaholic (not slacker)89.610116.664
patriotic (not unpatriotic)87.82616.617
straight (not queer)87.510515.590
loyal (not traitorous)87.220014.2272
competent (not incompetent)87.016914.1205
bold (not shy)86.524514.5295
city-slicker (not country-bumpkin)86.49413.318
assertive (not passive)86.312114.8217
bossy (not meek)85.414815.7294
fast (not slow)85.46214.0262
skeptical (not spiritual)85.07813.9276
chatty (not reserved)84.710416.8277
loud (not quiet)84.710415.9288
intellectual (not physical)84.213516.4318
treasure (not trash)84.215816.419
🧠 (not 💪)84.113212.016
playful (not shy)83.715415.2259
gendered (not androgynous)83.622718.381
liberal (not conservative)82.96019.028
egalitarian (not racist)82.823615.423
competitive (not cooperative)82.718918.6289
funny (not humorless)82.69916.2298
arrogant (not humble)82.516516.2252
impatient (not patient)82.312916.393
charismatic (not uninspiring)82.118017.6282
involved (not remote)81.97219.3248
go-getter (not slugabed)81.920413.215
feisty (not gracious)81.715516.4267
expressive (not stoic)81.310918.8269
diligent (not lazy)81.244819.5331
🚴 (not 🏋️‍♂️)80.88820.422
pretentious (not unassuming)80.610716.719
sarcastic (not genuine)80.410418.6267
resistant (not resigned)80.28816.2228
anxious (not calm)80.010817.5273
child free (not pronatalist)79.99420.4212
tense (not relaxed)79.722619.0294
insider (not outsider)79.62020.0160
valedictorian (not drop out)79.425220.821
extrovert (not introvert)79.114821.4296
mischievous (not well behaved)79.022415.2280
genius (not dunce)78.520118.6306
night owl (not morning lark)78.315920.6131
active (not slothful)77.435420.5208
vain (not demure)76.815418.9254
hurried (not leisurely)76.76323.5238
works hard (not plays hard)76.727420.3284
heroic (not villainous)76.534219.1285
biased (not impartial)76.418318.4284
dominant (not submissive)76.133221.5279
obsessed (not aloof)75.915222.7294
ivory-tower (not blue-collar)75.915421.9264
zany (not regular)75.617117.516
atheist (not theist)75.514321.863
charming (not trusting)75.413817.9270
resolute (not wavering)75.421621.120
nerd (not jock)75.326622.6265
pro (not noob)75.336323.224
bookish (not sporty)75.228923.2251
curious (not apathetic)75.219322.0259
messy (not neat)74.912520.2142
confident (not insecure)74.831624.6260
quarrelsome (not warm)74.523220.8269
masculine (not feminine)74.232316.8281
extraordinary (not mundane)74.028220.0250
legit (not scrub)73.834924.723
resourceful (not helpless)73.649323.560
worldly (not innocent)73.533822.1281
🐘 (not 🐀)73.58423.822
😜 (not 🤐)73.215416.914
attractive (not repulsive)73.239018.5262
moody (not stable)73.129219.9307
ferocious (not pacifist)73.029821.9265
complicated (not simple)72.829024.7224
decisive (not hesitant)72.637623.6288
interesting (not tiresome)72.229224.1243
cosmopolitan (not provincial)72.114724.2242
chaotic (not orderly)71.921020.1284
🤔 (not 🤫)71.710124.125
self-assured (not self-conscious)71.434927.1230
impulsive (not cautious)71.124124.0268
👨‍⚕️ (not 👨‍🔧)71.021928.727
rebellious (not obedient)70.934420.3253
judgemental (not accepting)70.824825.4153
😏 (not 😬)70.518423.917
alpha (not beta)70.438225.5212
unambiguous (not mysterious)70.219825.3244
👟 (not 🥾)70.216823.517
prestigious (not disreputable)70.231420.9215
mad (not glad)70.125218.526
healthy (not sickly)70.041922.3256
direct (not roundabout)69.838627.4248
social (not reclusive)69.823624.025
jealous (not compersive)69.720420.7238
democratic (not authoritarian)69.522327.9281
first-mate (not captain)69.528629.9248
utilitarian (not decorative)69.330922.768
😎 (not 🧐)69.321830.120
conspiracist (not sheeple)69.330918.1126
master (not apprentice)69.341425.0102
highbrow (not lowbrow)69.227722.2257
eastern (not western)69.22433.311
lustful (not chaste)69.227321.1250
insulting (not complimentary)69.021622.867
📈 (not 📉)69.022628.426
flamboyant (not modest)68.624023.7280
emancipated (not enslaved)68.533425.7229
disarming (not creepy)68.140621.290
brave (not careful)68.033223.7272
permanent (not transient)67.921325.491
juvenile (not mature)67.922018.459
wild (not tame)67.836022.0194
straightforward (not cryptic)67.635326.4265
soulful (not soulless)67.549424.253
gregarious (not private)67.416726.2266
deep (not shallow)67.433715.318
intimate (not formal)67.220222.418
dramatic (not no-nonsense)67.126624.186
precise (not vague)67.038924.6169
socialist (not libertarian)66.92325.1232
rich (not poor)66.837718.6261
beautiful (not ugly)66.657020.572
scientific (not artistic)66.632324.2288
armoured (not vulnerable)66.538425.5221
bold (not serious)66.428325.3253
suspicious (not trusting)65.937625.3294
basic (not hipster)65.935123.8279
crazy (not sane)65.928319.123
human (not animalistic)65.551925.4231
mighty (not puny)65.449022.9296
😀 (not 😭)65.321927.918
industrial (not domestic)65.224024.460
💃 (not 🧕)65.138428.019
kind (not cruel)65.151521.8264
young (not old)65.043917.9280
reasonable (not deranged)64.536426.321
indulgent (not sober)63.833223.0283
literary (not mathematical)63.731526.6264
neurotypical (not autistic)63.559726.5228
miserable (not joyful)63.540420.921
alert (not oblivious)63.348829.024
🌟 (not 💩)62.955227.523
edgy (not politically correct)62.839923.0263
rude (not respectful)62.626220.9300
weird (not normal)62.240623.2277
vengeful (not forgiving)62.237424.0265
guarded (not open)62.159326.3263
🐐 (not 🦒)62.139128.423
playful (not serious)61.722623.1310
real (not philosophical)61.749027.3155
civilized (not barbaric)61.654425.3249
extreme (not moderate)61.647425.7204
unorthodox (not traditional)61.638026.671
dorky (not cool)61.529025.420
low-tech (not high-tech)61.434124.4234
eloquent (not unpolished)61.448427.4271
rational (not whimsical)61.344626.0273
hard (not soft)61.342223.482
creative (not conventional)61.136526.9293
spicy (not mild)61.047525.5258
inspiring (not cringeworthy)60.940124.656
🐒 (not 🐩)60.828231.219
slovenly (not stylish)60.720622.5271
hedonist (not monastic)60.734820.221
heathen (not devout)60.525724.7261
🐿 (not 🦇)60.538326.717
instinctual (not reasoned)60.140327.1263
orange (not purple)60.126925.7163
disorganized (not self-disciplined)60.119527.5265
bright (not depressed)59.733525.8207
modern (not historical)59.740726.0137
scruffy (not manicured)59.628425.9264
bourgeoisie (not proletariat)59.535229.8210
😈 (not 😇)59.435119.125
not introspective (not introspective)59.315329.024
pessimistic (not optimistic)59.138428.4266
🧢 (not 🎩)59.135334.519
fortunate (not unlucky)59.030024.5283
street-smart (not sheltered)58.953828.5253
🐴 (not 🦄)58.942027.814
🤣 (not 😊)58.826226.621
empirical (not theoretical)58.737928.4270
clumsy (not coordinated)58.722825.8305
luddite (not technophile)58.736424.5217
🤠 (not 🤑)58.746026.816
bitter (not sweet)58.241023.6258
adventurous (not stick-in-the-mud)58.045626.8200
literal (not metaphorical)57.853528.1274
deviant (not average)57.848824.1141
builder (not explorer)57.836728.5204
charming (not awkward)57.651826.4289
good-humored (not angry)57.643525.0215
warm (not cold)57.642024.9205
idealist (not realist)57.634027.273
equitable (not hypocritical)57.642524.866
open to new experinces (not uncreative)57.561124.9257
statist (not anarchist)57.142126.617
frugal (not lavish)56.945424.7227
🤡 (not 👽)56.830126.520
refined (not rugged)56.750124.9280
studious (not goof-off)56.762121.620
multicolored (not monochrome)56.635926.863
pack rat (not minimalist)56.630728.318
thin (not thick)56.251422.0145
scandalous (not proper)56.241824.5201
tactful (not indiscreet)56.257330.212
rigid (not flexible)55.949226.1236
backdoor (not official)55.946926.8229
🧗 (not 🛌)55.853228.823
👨‍🚀 (not 🧙)55.636928.117
focused on the future (not focused on the present)55.530428.1279
penny-pincher (not overspender)55.049127.217
💔 (not 💝)54.839528.221
wise (not foolish)54.751122.1279
spontaneous (not scheduled)54.634829.1273
wholesome (not salacious)54.648529.028
outlaw (not sheriff)54.444626.4252
🐷 (not 🐮)54.328528.219
emotional (not logical)54.150026.6285
sensitive (not thick-skinned)54.137926.6262
classical (not avant-garde)54.151629.564
spontaneous (not deliberate)54.027230.5264
lewd (not tasteful)53.931222.2270
repetitive (not varied)53.860327.077
subjective (not objective)53.844225.977
🤺 (not 🏌)53.870233.621
🥰 (not 🙃)53.743830.428
mainstream (not arcane)53.634026.0245
astonishing (not methodical)53.329327.8235
existentialist (not nihilist)53.158929.359
angelic (not demonic)53.053120.7257
hard (not soft)53.054424.0247
independent (not codependent)53.057631.6213
open-minded (not close-minded)52.757324.5280
feminist (not sexist)52.762223.823
abstract (not concrete)52.735430.714
🙋‍♂️ (not 🙅‍♂️)52.653433.017
smooth (not rough)52.446726.2262
practical (not imaginative)52.461928.1220
nurturing (not poisonous)52.257523.581
sorrowful (not cheery)52.058923.0291
gossiping (not confidential)52.033327.0236
debased (not pure)51.945023.3258
🤖 (not 👻)51.944228.317
vanilla (not kinky)51.746926.6246
'left-brained' (not 'right-brained')51.739729.8159
individualist (not communal)51.759028.670
awkward (not suspicious)51.530327.0275
generalist (not specialist)51.530232.675
down2earth (not head@clouds)51.355128.3254
lenient (not strict)51.240425.9282
cunning (not honorable)51.140728.0283
sensible (not ludicrous)51.157925.0301
short (not tall)51.039520.8282
selfish (not altruistic)51.044425.1309
🥴 (not 🥳)51.057322.918
happy (not sad)50.934823.2249
crafty (not scholarly)50.160429.6244
hoarder (not unprepared)50.962925.1193
fresh (not stinky)50.167823.821
👩‍🎤 (not 👩‍🔬)50.550128.717

Similar characters

The similarity between two characters can be calculated by taking the correlation between the lists of their traits. This produces a value from +1 to -1. With +1 implying that every trait one character is high on the other one is high on too, to an equal degree. And, -1 implying that if a character is high on specific trait, the other one is low on it. The 10 most and least similar characters to Josh Lyman based on their crowd-sourced profiles are listed below with the correlation in parenthesis.

Most similar Least similar
  1. Elaine Benes (0.765)
  2. Tony Stark (0.735)
  3. Meredith Grey (0.694)
  4. Dr. Ian Malcolm (0.681)
  5. Sam Seaborn (0.678)
  1. Nelson Bighetti (-0.317)
  2. Stuart Bloom (-0.268)
  3. Milhouse Van Houten (-0.266)
  4. Chien-Po (-0.258)
  5. Dale Harding (-0.257)

Personality types

Personality types according to various systems can be derived from the character's traits. Profiles for a personality type were computed by averaging together all responses from people who took the test and reported a given personality type and then this composite was matched to each of those profiles as if it was its own character (as was done above). Listed closest to worst match.

  1. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INTP (r = 0.43)
  2. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENTP (r = 0.38)
  3. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISTP (r = 0.33)
  4. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESTP (r = 0.24)
  5. Enneagram: Type 8 (r = 0.24)
  6. Enneagram: Type 5 (r = 0.16)
  7. Enneagram: Type 4 (r = 0.15)
  8. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INTJ (r = 0.12)
  9. Enneagram: Type 7 (r = 0.12)
  10. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENTJ (r = 0.07)
  11. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENFP (r = 0.07)
  12. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INFP (r = 0.06)
  13. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESFP (r = 0.01)
  14. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISFP (r = -0.07)
  15. Enneagram: Type 6 (r = -0.07)
  16. Enneagram: Type 9 (r = -0.09)
  17. Enneagram: Type 3 (r = -0.12)
  18. Enneagram: Type 2 (r = -0.15)
  19. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESTJ (r = -0.16)
  20. Enneagram: Type 1 (r = -0.17)
  21. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ENFJ (r = -0.19)
  22. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: INFJ (r = -0.2)
  23. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISTJ (r = -0.2)
  24. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ESFJ (r = -0.43)
  25. Jungian/Myers-Briggs: ISFJ (r = -0.46)


  Updated: 05 August 2020
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